There are many, many, many ways to look at data.
There are many ways to use data to empower, and there are many ways to use data to defeat.
In the best of circumstances a team will analyze data with depth and thoughtfulness. They will look at all the factors involved with regard to the data. They will identify the reason for the analysis and the goal for the analysis. It will be an inclusive, team approach that serves to empower the learners and teachers in ways that matter.
I am a big fan of data when used well. I like the way that good data can help us to teach the whole child with strength and good strategy. I'm not a big fan of data when used to sensationalize, punish, look for fault, or diminish the enthusiasm, investment, and care of the learners and teachers involved.